Master academic studies

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[accordion title=”Barrier properties of polymer packaging”]

Course title Barrier properties of polymer packaging
Study program Materials Engineering
Module Packaging Materials
Professor Dr. Ivanka Popović
Type of the course Elective
Number of ECTS 4
Prerequisite None

Objective of the course

The acquisition of scientific knowledge and skills for independent research and application of new knowledge in the field of polymer packaging materials and advanced packaging requirements, introduction to barrier properties of polymeric materials and their combinations, as well as to introduce students to the processes at the molecular level and using them to achieve the desired properties of packaging.

Learning outcomes of the course

Preparing students for innovation, modernization, development and improvement of the properties of polymer packaging packaging. Application of knowledge of contemporary combination of barrier properties of packaging materials,shapes and sizes of packaging products for packaging of various food products with modern packaging requirements.

Course Contents

Theoretical contents Solubility, diffusion and permeability. Influence of polymers, effect of the type of fluid, the dependence of these properties on the dimensions and form of the sample. Solubility coefficient and diffusion. Effect of temperature and pressure on these properties. Influence of processing on the barrier properties. The procedures for obtaining films and their influence on the final properties of the polymer film. Application in packaging industry. Barrier properties of polymer packaging for different penetrants – gas, oil, aqueous solutions, organic solvents. Food packaging. Packing in “intelligent” materials. Packing household chemical instrumentation. Packing of other materials.
Practical part Practical exercises and demonstration in FTM laboratories and visits to industrial plants involved in packaging.

Literature

1. I. Vujković, Polymeric and composite packaging, TF Novi Sad, 1997.
2. S. Ebnesajjad . Plastic Films in food Packaging: Materials, Technology and Application, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2013.
3. D. Gupta, Diffusion Processes in Advanced Technological Materials, William Andrew, Norwich, NY, 2005.

Lessons per week

Lectures

Practices

LAB

2

1

Teaching Methods

Lectures, practical work.

Grading methods (max. number of points is 100)

Pre-exam assessments points Final examination points
activity during lectures 15 written exam
practical assessments 20 oral exam 45
mid-term exams 20
seminars

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[accordion title=”Elastomers”]

Course title Elastomers
Study program Materials Engineering
Module Construction materials
Professor Dr. Ivanka Popović
Type of the course Elective
Number of ECTS 4
Prerequisite None

Objective of the course

Understanding the structure, properties and application possibilities of elastomeric materials. Connecting the principle structure and dynamics of polymer networks with specific structures and elastomeric through practical methods of selection of elastomers, composites design and manufacture of elastomers. Introduction of further opportunities for development of new materials and materials in this area.

Learning outcomes of the course

Mastering the basic principles and techniques for working with elastomeric materials. Knowledge of a wide range of applications of elastomeric materials. Preparing students for the design of elastomeric materials, especially compiling formulations for unvulcanized rubber and design of elastomeric products.

Course Contents

Theoretical contents Introduction-the nature, role and the importance of elastomers. 1. Structure and properties of rubber and other basic types of elastomeric materials. 2. Structure and properties of elastomeric networks. 3. Rheology of elastomers. 4. Application and methods of selection of elastomers. 5. Components of formulations for made ​​from elastomers
Practical part 1. Introducing the elastomeric raw materials. 2. The preparation of formulations for natural rubber. 3. Preparation of rubber mixture. 4. Crosslinking of rubber mixture. 5. Calculations of mixing parameters, and properties of vulcanizates.

Literature

1. M. Plavšić, RS Popović, RG Popović, Elastomeric Materials, Naučna knjiga, Belgrade 1995.
2. M Plavšić, Technology of Rubber –Lab. manual, FTM, Belgrade, 1985.
3. J. Mark, B. Erman, C.M. Roland, Science and technology of rubber, Elsevier, Amsterdam 2013.

Lessons per week

Lectures

Practices

LAB

2

1

Teaching Methods

Teaching is conducted through lectures, computational and experimental practice.

Grading methods (max. number of points is 100)

Pre-exam assessments points Final examination points
activity during lectures 5 written exam
practical assessments 15 oral exam 45
mid-term exams 25
seminars 10

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[accordion title=”Polymers in Cosmetic Products”]

Course title Polymers in Cosmetic Products
Study program Chemical Engineering
Module Polymer Engineering
Professor Dr. Melina Kalagasidis Krušić
Type of the course Elective
Number of ECTS 4
Prerequisite None

Objective of the course

To provide an understanding of the basic concepts and phenomena of polymers with respect to their application in cosmetic products. Biodegradable polymers which are used for encapsulation of cosmetic active substances are also covered, as well as encapsulation techniques.

Learning outcomes of the course

After the students fulfilled all the requirements and passed the exam, they acquired knowledge on polymers in cosmetics; they are capable to choose a proper polymers to formulate and stabilize cosmetic products; capable to choose a proper polymers, as well as encapsulation technique for encapsulation of cosmetic active substances.

Course Contents

Theoretical contents 1. Basic properties, role and significance of polymers in cosmetics. 2. Polymeric surfactants, interaction between polymers and traditional surfactants. 3. Role of polymers in emulsion formulations and stabilization, foams, micro- and nanoemulsions. 4. Natural and synthetic polymers in cosmetic products. 5. Application of polymers in different cosmetic products: skin care products, hair care products, nail care, make-up products, toiletries. 6. Biodegradable polymers for encapsulation of cosmetic active substances. 7. Examples from practice.
Practical part 1. HLB calculation, selection of emulsifying agent for W/O and O/W emulsions, stabilization and destabilization of emulsions. 2. Formulation of foams, micro- and nanoemulsions.

Literature

1. M. Kalagasidis Krušić, Polymers in Cosmetic Products, Lecture notes, Belgrade 2013.
2. E.D. Goddard, J.V. Gruber, Principles of Polymer Science and Technology in Cosmetics and Personal Care, Allured 2004.
3. C. Bastioli, Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers, RAPRA 2005.
4. A.O. Barel, M. Paye, H.I. Maibach, Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology, Marcel Dekker, 2005
5. P.A. Williams, Handbook of Industrial Watersoluble Polymers, Blackwell, 2007.

Lessons per week

Lectures Practices LAB
2 2

Teaching Methods

Lectures, practical lessons, seminars, discussions.

Grading methods (max. number of points is 100)

Pre-exam assessments points Final examination points
activity during lectures 5 written exam
practical assessments 10 oral exam 55
mid-term exams 20
seminars 10

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[accordion title=”Polymer Packaging Design”]

Course title Polymer Packaging Design
Study program Materials Engineering
Module Packaging Materials
Professor Dr. Ivanka Popović
Type of the course Elective
Number of ECTS 4
Prerequisite None

Objective of the course

The objective of the course is gain knowledge on polymer packaging materials, to learn how to select the appropriate polymer packaging material, and to master polymer product fabrication techniques.

Learning outcomes of the course

Students are capable to select appropriate polymer packaging materials for defined applications. Students are capable to select the appropriate manufacturing procedure for the packaging material. Students develop the ability to approach problem solving in a competent and systematic way. Students gain experience that enables them to work in industrial practice.

Course Contents

Theoretical contents 1. Introduction. The importance and volume of polymer packaging on the global and domestic market. 2. Analysis of polymer properties relevant for packaging applications (thermal, mechanical, optical, barrier). 3. Analysis of mass transfer in polymer packaging (interactions, migration, sorption, diffusion). 4. Review of the structure and properties of polymers used for packaging. Thermoplastic polymers (polyolefins, vinyl polymers, polycondensation polymers) and thermosetting (polycondensation) polymers. 5. Operations of forming polymer packaging. Calandering. Lamination. Extrusion. Coextrusion. Extrusion and blowing. Polymer film production. Thermoforming.Compression moulding. Injection moulding. Reaction injection moulding. Blow moulding. Joining techniques: gluing and welding. 6. Shaping and manufacturing multicomponent polymer materials.
Practical part 1. Calculation of technological parameters of equipment for manufacturing polymer packaging. 2. Modeling of the operation of polymer packaging manufacturing equipment. 3. Identification of polymer materials. 4. Analysis of raw materials and final products

Literature

1. Jovan S. Veličković, Ivanka Popović, Processing of Polymer Materials, Lecture notes, FTM, 2006 (in Serbian).
2. Charles. A. Harper, Ed. Handbook of Plastics, Elastomers & Composites, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2002.
3. H. Holik: Handbook of Paper and Board, WILEY-VCH, Weinheim, 2006.

Lessons per week

Lectures

Practices

LAB

3

2

1

Teaching Methods

The course consists of lectures, calculation sessions and laboratory exercises.

Grading methods (max. number of points is 100)

Pre-exam assessments points Final examination points
activity during lectures written exam
practical assessments 10 oral exam 50
mid-term exams 40
seminars

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